Gum disease is the most common problem in adults and can be avoided. The reason for this is that they often have no symptoms before they have progressed to the point where they can lose their teeth. Fortunately, gum disease is reversible if detected early.
What are Periodontics?
Periodontics is the part of dentistry that specializes in the treatment of periodontium, the supporting tissues of the tooth, the gum, the alveolar bone, the cementum, and the alveolar-dental ligament.
The periodontium allows us to:
- Chew and eat
- Speak and communicate
What Is Gum Disease
Periodontal diseases are caused by bacterial and parasitic infections.
The most common periodontal disease is called periodontitis. It is a chronic infection gradually damaging the gums. Signs include:
- Redness and bleeding of the gums
- Food crushing between the teeth
- Shrinking gum lines
- Mobility and tooth movement
- Sensitivity to cold
Who Is Affected by Periodontitis?
In North America, 80% of the population has low-to-moderate periodontal risk. Without treatment, 10% to 15% of people will lose their teeth by shrinking. Some factors that may influence your risk of developing periodontal disease include:
- Family history of periodontitis
- Low resistance to infections (for example, an existing condition like diabetes)
- Having multiple or frequent cavities
The main cause of tooth loss in adults 35 years of age or older is gingival disease.
Periodontitis can cause other health problems such as:
- Cardiovascular and pancreatic diseases
- Premature births
The purpose of periodontal treatment is to let you to keep your teeth and smile for life. More specifically, they help stop the progression of gum disease and strengthen the support of your teeth.
Your first consultation with your dentist or specialist will be used to establish an accurate diagnosis and determine a treatment plan.
In most cases, with proper treatment and your commitment, it is possible to keep teeth for life!